The Labour Court is created in terms of Section 172 of the Constitution of Zimbabwe and Section 84 of the Labour Act [Chapter 28:01].
It is a creature of statute and its area of jurisdiction is only as provided for within the four corners of the Labour Act.
The Labour Court has jurisdiction over matters of labour and employment as may be conferred upon it by an Act of Parliament.
The Labour Court opens to the public from 8am to 1pm, then from 2pm to 4pm. It opens Monday to Friday except on public holidays
Saturdays and Sundays it will be closed.
The Labour Court publishes a calendar of the sittings and vacations of the Court every year which it publishes in the Gazette.
Parties may appear in person or as represented by legal practitioner’s trade unionists or company representatives.
It consists of a Senior Judge and other Judges of the Labour Court. The Labour Court now falls under the authority of the Judicial Service Commission headed by the Chief Justice.
The Senior Judge is possessed of the overall administrative responsibility of the operations of this court.
The Labour Court is currently located in three centres, namely Harare, Bulawayo and Gweru. It has circuit courts in Mutare, Hwange and Masvingo once every term.
Assessors do not have a voice in any question of law.
|The jurisdiction of the Labour Court is specified in section 89 of the Act. Generally, it is an appeal court for a variety of labour disputes, although in a few cases it is a court of first instance.
An example of the latter is where a dispute may arise in relation to the extent or description of any undertaking or industry represented by a trade union. Such a dispute may be referred directly to the Labour Court for determination.
An appeal from any decision of the Labour Court lies to the Supreme Court, but this is only in relation to a question of law.
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